Water Account, Australia presents information on the physical and monetary supply and use of water in the Australian economy. It is compiled as far as possible in accordance with the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA). The Water Account also provides information on the water use and consumptive practices of households and key industries (Agriculture and Water Supply, Sewerage and Drainage Services).
During 2016-17, an estimated 75,888 gigalitres of water was extracted from the environment to support the Australian economy. Of this amount, 11,663 gigalitres were extracted for distribution (or supply) to industry and households, largely by the Water Supply, Sewerage and Drainage Services industry (11,592 gigalitres).
Of the total volume of water extracted from the environment, 59,869 gigalitres were used in-stream (for example in hydro electricity generation) and is discharged back to the environment with out consumption. The remainder of self-extracted water (4,356 gigalitres) is used directly by the industry extracting it mainly for Agriculture.
Total consumptive use of water in 2016-17 was 16,287 gigalitres. Of this amount, 10,233 gigalitres was consumed by the Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing industry; 1,483 gigalitres was consumed by the Water Supply, Sewerage and Drainage Services industry; a further 2,662 gigalitres by all other industries; and 1,909 gigalitres by households. This total of 16,287 gigalitres was an increase of just over 1% from 2015-16, primarily driven by increased water consumption by the Agriculture industry.